The Role of Insulin in Our Bodies

What does insulin do

Insulin is a polypeptide hormone that is essential in regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body.  Like many hormones, insulin is a protein.  It causes cells from the liver, muscle and fatty tissue to convert blood glucose to glycogen, lowering blood sugar levels and preventing fat from being used as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagon.  It serves many anabolic processes throughout the body and aids with memory, cognitive function and vascular compliance.

The human body wants and needs glucose for energy, which usually comes from carbohydrates and other sugars.  Insulin and glucagon are the hormones that convert the glucose to energy.  Both hormones are secreted from the pancreas and both hormones have a complex relationship with each other.  Insulin production levels increase along with blood sugar levels.  While glucagon “the fat burning hormone” increases when blood sugar levels are in the normal range. Without insulin, we could eat many calories and be in a state of starvation because our cells are unable to access the calories contained in glucose without using insulin.  When insulin production is inhibited, diabetes will be the result.  Those people with type 1 diabetes are unable to produce their own insulin; the disease would be fatal without insulin shots.  Anyone who is deficient in insulin must have it replaced.

The most common form of diabetes worldwide is type 2 diabetes, which is an insulin resistance rather than an actual deficiency of insulin.  Many people with type 2 diabetes do not respond well to the insulin they produce, leaving their cells with a hampered ability to absorb sugar molecules.  This leads to high levels of blood sugar.  If diabetes progresses, people with the illness will need insulin shots or other medications to help control it, unless they change their diet.

The good news is that a low glycemic diet plan like the Amino Diet increases glucagon production as well as increases insulin sensitivity. Meaning the body learns to utilizes the insulin that it produces more efficiently.  Even those who are “pre-diabetic” and most at risk for developing diabetes can help prevent it if they start a low glycemic diet plan and shed a few pounds.  Even among seniors who naturally have diminished hormone production from age, just a week of eating low glycemic foods significantly increases insulin and glucagon production.  Any person at risk for diabetes, or who already has diabetes, can benefit from the Amino Diet to help keep their blood sugar levels in check and help regulate the production of insulin and glucagon.  It is never too late to start eating low glycemic foods and the rewards for doing this are enormous.

If you have questions about the Amino Diet low glycemic meal plans or questions of how our program can help you then call, toll free 1-800-980-7208 and speak with one of our certified health coaches.

 

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